If time spent writing your CV is really just time spent staring at a blank screen, you’re not alone, we’ve been there too.
There are no two ways about it – condensing all of your skills and experience into one slick document can be challenging. We aren’t born knowing how to write a great CV, so it’s up to you to find out for yourself how to get the basics right. From font size and format to photos and filling in the gaps, there is a certain etiquette that should rarely be broken. Recruiters and employers receive constant streams of applications – don’t let a basic mistake send yours straight to the bottom of the pack.
Here are the answers to 11 crucial questions regarding your CV.
- How long should a CV be?
When it comes to length, try to think of your CV as a tasty appetizer that will get people coming back for more. It should be around 2 pages long to ensure that you get your message across quickly, without dragging on like an old encyclopedia, boring employers and recruiters.
If you feel your experience is as good as gold (and listing it all will make you a shoe-in for the job), don’t worry too much about going over. Just be sure to keep it at 3 pages or less.
- What do employers look for in a CV?
They want someone who has the right skills and knowledge to do the job at hand, so these need to come across in your CV. If you have the exact experience they are looking for, make sure it is clear – don’t make them have to read between the lines or join the dots. Spell everything out for them. If you don’t have the perfect profile for the role but know you can do it, highlight your transferrable skills. It’s always important to research your target roles beforehand to find out exactly what they are looking for in an applicant.
- What font should I use in my CV?
The saying ‘keep it simple stupid’ exists for a reason and is definitely a principle that applies here. Forget cursive text that makes your CV look like an excerpt from Tom Riddle’s diary, and best you steer clear of Webdings altogether. Nice symbols, though. Use a simple font that looks professional and is easy for recruiters and employers to read. Size matters too – you can’t go wrong if you stick around the 10/12pt mark.
- Should I include a photo on my CV?
Generally speaking, your best Blue Steel needn’t grace its presence on your CV. Unless you are applying for an acting or modelling job (which would most likely specifically request photographs), there is no need to include one on your CV. It will take up space that could be better used with text that demonstrates the value of hiring you. Show them how you’re so much more than just a pretty face.
- Do I include all of my experience on my CV?
You should include all of your experience on your CV for transparency, but older or irrelevant roles can be shortened down to brief summaries. All of your previous roles were NOT created equal. It is important to bring out the most relevant points and let other bits take the backseat.
- Should I include my date of birth on my CV?
Age is only a number, right? Employers do not make recruitment decisions based on a candidate’s age, so there’s no need to include your date of birth.
- Should I hide employment gaps on my CV?
Take the guesswork out of your CV. You don’t want recruiters or employers scratching their heads trying to fill the gaps themselves, so if you have long periods of unemployment you should be up front and explain them. Keep this short and sweet. After all, it’s just to let them know what was keeping you occupied during that time. Ideally use constructive reasons such as personal projects, study or travelling.
- Should I include interests on my CV?
As a general rule, only include interests if they are relevant to the roles you are applying for and will make a positive impact on your applications. If you feel including your passions or pastimes adds to the profile you want to show your employer, put them in, but don’t get too carried away. Always keep it as professional as possible.
- Do I need a cover letter?
Typing a persuasive, personalized cover letter shows you are serious about your career and the opportunity. It should paint a clear picture of who you are and what you are looking for, and why you want to engage in further conversation.
- Should I include references in my CV?
Employers won’t contact references until they have intentions of potentially offering you the job. You don’t need to list them on your CV. Instead, a one-liner like ‘references available upon request’ will do the trick.
- What if I have no experience?
Everyone has to start somewhere, so no need to worry if this sounds like you. This is where you need to bring out everything you have done, that will set you up for success in the working world. Think training, education, high school pursuits, extra projects, charity or volunteer work, etc.